Tectonics of Europe and Adjacent Areas

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Автор:A. Peive, V. Khain, M. Mouratov, F. Delany
Издателство:Nauka
Страници:414
Корици:твърди
Година:1981
Броя:1
ISBN: Тегло (гр.): Формат: 150/225 Състояние: Отлично
Tectonics of Europe and Adjacent Areas / A. Peive, V. Khain, M. Mouratov, F. Delany

Tectcaiics of Europe and adjacent areas. Cratons, Baikalides, Caledonides.
( Explanatory Note to the International Tectonic Map of Europe and adjacent areas, scale I: 2 500 000 ), Mosccw, "Nauka", I98I.
The book deals with the geological structure of Europe and adjacent parts of other continents and oceans covered by the second edition of the International Tectonic Map of Europe and adjacent areas, scale 1: 2 500 000. General information is given on the map, history of its compilation, authors, fundamentals of the legend and subdivision into tectonic regions. Nunetous illustrations supplement the text.
6 tables, 124 figures, 950 bibliography references.
Editors:
A.V.Peive, V.E.Khain, M.V.Mouratov, F.Delany
Без объявления
Academy of Sciences USSR, 198I
Institut de Géologie,
Ac ad é oie de Sciences de USSR,1981

***
INTRODUCTION
The first édition of the Tectonic Map of Europe and the second edition which covers also the adjacent regions, was compiled by the Subcommission for Tectonic Maps of the Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW). The CGMW is the agency of the International Union of Geological Sciences responsible for promoting small-scale map syntheses in the earth sciences.;

The first edition of the International Tectonic Map of Europe on a scale of 1/2 500 000 (1962) and its accompanying Explanatory Note Tectonics of Europe appeared in 1964 and were soon sold out. The international work on the compilation of the map had led to a general renewal of the interest in the tectonic problems of Europe and its adjacent areas with a consequent progressive increase in the volume of information on the tectonics of various regions. After the map had been sent to press, the Editorial Committee was obliged to introduce changes and additions into this first edition in order to take into account the new information which had become available. Subsequently, the ever-growing amount of new materials on the tectonics of various regions received by the Subcommission demonstrative of the progress made in the study of the Earth brought the Commission for the Geological Map of the World, at its meetings on the occasion of the 22nd session of the International Geological Congress (New Delhi, 1964) to resolve to prepare a second version of the map on the basis of the latest data, modifying the legend in compliance with requirements which became apparent in the course of the work on the first edition.

In 1964-66 a new geographic base map was compiled. At the same time a new legend was elaborated, the final version of which was discussed and approved by the session of the Editorial Committee in January 1971, in Paris.

In the course of the work on the map, national and international conferences, colloquia, and meetings were called to discuss different sections of the legend or the structures of some regions. Among these meetings, the following deserve particular mention:

Colloquium on methods of tectonic mapping of the sea and ucean bottom (Moscow, June 1966);
Conference of the working group of the Editorial Committee on the subdivision and correlation of the Baltic Shield Precambrian (Sweden, August 1966);
Colloquium on the tectonics of the Alpine folded area (Iran-Turkey, May-June 1967);
Conference of the working group on the structure of Northern and Central Europe (Freiberg, March 1968);
Session of the working group of the Editorial Committees of the international tectonic maps of Europe and the World on the structure of the Alpine fold belt of the Near and Middle East (Baku, April 1968);
Session of the Subcommission for the Tectonic Map of the World at the 23rd International Geological Congress (Prague, August 1968);
Session of the Editorial Committee working group to discuss the legend of the map, nomination of coordinators and Editorial Committee (Paris, January 1969);

Session of the Commission for the Geological Map of the World to discuss principles of the legend for the second edition of the map of Europe and to examine some national tectonic maps (Paris, March 1970);

Session of the working group of the Editorial Committee on the unification of the tecto-maps of the German Democratic Republic, Poland and the western regions of the U.S.S.R. (Moscow, June 1970);

Session of the Editorial Committee to discuss and approve the draft of the map and to Work out its final legend, to approve the title of the second edition of the map: International Tectonic Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas and the plan of the book The Tectónica of Europe and Adjacent Areas (Paris, January 1971);

Conference on the tectonics of the east Baltic Shield (Petrozavodsk, July 1971).

Many of the above sessions were accompanied by geological excursions where participants could better see differences in, or similarity of, their points of view and could find a common interpretation of the observed geological phenomena.

Geologists of practically all the countries of Europe and of the adjacent territories

took part in the compilation of the map. They submitted to the Subcommission either their national drafts oompiled for the map of Europe, or the latest published data. In addition, the Subconniission called on the cooperation of experts in the geology of some regions. Processing of all the material in accordance with the adopted legend and its generalization was

carried out by the Subconmissiori for the Tectonic Map of the World; the material was then discussed and approved at the above-mentioned sessions of the Editorial Committee and its working groups, etc.

The map was prepared for publication and printed at the request of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. by the Chief Department of Geodesy and Cartography of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. for CGMW.

A business-like and friendly atmosphere prevailed at all the stages of the work, thus oroving both the feasibility and efficiency of this form of international cooperation: We ; wish to acknowledge the efficient organizational and financial support rendered by Unesco which made it possible to print the map as a joint publication of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. and of Unesco.

The work on the map was finished and it was sent to the Publishers' ("Nauka" Publishing House) 1n 1976-. A complete draft was shown to the Conmission for the Geological Map of the World during the 24th Session of the International Geological Congress (Montreal, August 1972).and at the plenary session of the CGMW in April, 1974, in Paris and was approved.

Taking Into account the need for a detailed Explanatory Memoir on the map, work on the present volume started as soon as the map had been compiled. Texts for the book were received from a number of authors in the course of 1972-1976, and later they were translated into Russian and edited. The Bussian edition was'published by Nauka 1n 1978. The present book describes the regions not only as shown on the map, but also specific features and different interpretations which could not be portrayed on the map itself.

Regrettably no manuscripts were received from some countries, such as Egypt, Algeria and Turkey. The part of Africa shown on the map is.described In the Explanatory Note of the International Tectonic Map of Africa and in Choubert (1971).

Another shortcoming of the Explanatory Memoir, that could not be overcome, is a lack of an integral and uniform description of major structures, e.g. fold systems, each description being confined to state boundaries and hence, fragmentary. This is especially disappointing with regard to the Baltic shield, Scandinavian Caledonides, Mid-European Variscides, the Alpides of Magreb. A lucky exception are the descriptions of the Alps and.Carpathians, respectively by M. Leraoine (France) and M. Sandulescii (Roumania). Uniform descriptions were unfortunately, impossible, partly due to a large number of authors representing different scientific schools, writing in different languages and often using different terminology.

This book is nevertheless the most complete compendium of the enormous amount of material accumulated in the course of nearly 200 years of intensive study of the tectonics of Europe, written by outstanding specialists in structural geology of different countries and in the complex zones of the European continent.

Translation of this voluminous work from French and English into Russian and, especial ly, from Russian into French and English, as well as its pubiication,unfortunately took much time, some descriptions becoming, certainly, out-of-date compared with more recent material (transactions of the Colloquium on the European geology, guide-books of excursions) published for the 26th Session of the International Geological Congress. This is particularly true, as the authors say, of the territories of FRG, Italy, Norway, Yugos via.

Finally, we acknowledge with thanks the work of Miss F. Oelany who edited the text extensively, corrected the English and French translations of the Russian texts and supervised the typing of camera-ready copy.

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