What Kind of Europe?

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  •  8-12-2018
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Автор:Loukas Tsoukalis
ISBN:9780199266661 Тегло (гр.): Формат: 145 / 210 Състояние: Мн. добро
What Kind of Europe? / Loukas Tsoukalis

Preface ix

1 What Kind of Europe? 1

☆ PART I. Taking Stock

2 The Gap Between Politics and Economics—Or, Perception and Reality 13

All the Way to Monetary Union—And More 14

How Many Members Can We Take? 20

A Political System Without a State ... 24. .. and With Less Permissive Citizens 34

Does It Matter? 40

3 Winners and Losers ... 43

Virtuous Circles and Economic Integration 45

Who Loves Europe? 53

The Broader Equation 61

4 ... and the Rest of the World: Americans and Others 66

Trade Policy as a Model? 67

Privileged Partners 74

New Pillars in a Postmodern Construction 84

☆ PART II. The Main Challenges Ahead

5 Economic Governance and Policy Choices 95

Market Regulation and Level Playing Fields 97

Different Rules for Common Policies ... 105

... and No Single Social Model 116

Taxes and Free Rides -j 27

A Small Budget—andWhatElse? 131

It Is All Highly Political 139

6 EMU: A Unifying Factor 142

Driving Forces 143

An Incomplete Constitution 150

Democracy and Economic Orthodoxy 157

7 Extend ing Pax Europea 167

(Almost) All Want to Join 168

An Unmanageable Affair? 174

Europe's Near Abroad I8I

Globalization, Hegemony, and Civilian Power 192

☆ PART III. Conclusions

8 What Is at Stake? 203

Real Deficits 203

.. . and Favourite Myths 209

Treaties, Constitutions, and More 212

A Political Europe 2I8

Select Bibliography 223

List of Figures and Table 232

List of Abbreviations 233

Index 235

As the European Union gets ready to take in new members, What Kind of Europe? pinpoints the crucial issues which will shape its future as a regional, economic and political entity. Loukas Tsoukalis is one of the world’s leading scholars on European integration; in this book he writes for any reader interested in the key democratic choices facing Europe’s citizens.

European integration is not a politically neutral process. There are key democratic choices to be made about trade-offs between efficiency, equity, and stability; productivity and a cleaner environment; integration and diversity; rule by experts and elected representatives in the management of the single market and the euro; the degree and kind of solidarity across boundaries; the geographical limits of Europe’s fledgling common identity; the export of peace and stability to the near abroad and beyond; and the defence of common values and interests in a world where the ascendancy of markets and the highly unequal distribution of political power increasingly challenge those features that still make Europe distinct from other regions of the world.

There is certain to be disagreement on these issues, by the very nature of democracy. But Europeans need to become more aware of the issues and the choices they imply. Europeans have long pretended that inter-country divisions are the only ones that really count, and that the choice is essentially between more or less Europe. This no longer adequately reflects the real effects of integration. Political debate becomes distorted, and there is precious little of it on issues which can no longer be dealt with effectively at the national level. It is time to move on, building on a politically mature Europe. What kind of Europe now becomes the key question.
Jacket illustrations:

top left to top right-. Euro money© European Central Bank; Wind Farm, Getty Images © PhotoDisc; Vineyard, Getty Images © PhotoDisc; Minefield Evacuation: One of three engineers from the Sixth Regiment of the Foreign Legion probes the ground for a mine © Yves Debay, The Military Picture Library/CORBIS; Refugees waiting for a bus in Sangatte to go to Calais where they will attempt to enter England via the Channel Tunnel © Roininen Juha/CORBIS SYGMA

main image'. The New Europeans: demonstration of high school students in the Paris suburbs where many immigrants live © Stone Les/CORBIS SYGMA

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