Documents and Materials on the History of the Bulgarian People

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  •  4-7-2018
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Автор:Колектив
Издателство:Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Страници:526
Корици:Твърди
Година:1969
Броя:1
ISBN: Тегло (гр.): 1002 Формат: 175/245/35 Състояние: Мн. Добро
Documents and Materials on the History of the Bulgarian People (Англиски език). Безплатна доставка за Р. България
Здраво книжно тяло, без забележки в текста. Незначителна забележка към обложката.

PREFACE

Together with the numerous carefully written monographs, the Institute of History at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences publishes and continues to prepare for publication a series of volumes of sources and documents on the past of the Bulgarian people. This not only helps the scientific elaboration of many important problems but also facilitates the extensive study of Bulgarian history. The series of volumes of sources and documents, besides, constitutes an important means of fulfilling the most responsible task of writing a multi-volume history of Bulgaria, a task that has been enthusiastic-ally welcomed by historical circles in this country.

It should be pointed out, however, that lately publications in which the history of the Bulgarian people is distorted and falsified in an inadmissible manner have become particularly frequent. A notorious stand in this respect is taken by historians from a neighbouring country stubbornly trying to impose their unscientific concepts abroad as well as at home. For this purpose they are making use of all permissible and impermissible means. Having broken away from all scientific ethics, some Yugoslav historians not only distort the history of the Bulgarian people but also misappropriate a great part of it.

Ali this has made imperative the preparation of a collection of documents and materials consisting only of a certain part of the vast documentation on the history of the Bulgarian population in Macedonia. Naturally it is not exhaustive. The documents and materials originate from different countries, from different organizations and persons and for this reason reflect a great diversity of views on the Macedonian question and also most diverse political attitudes. İrespective of these differences on the Macedonian question and the approach to its solution, however, all documents emphasize that the Slav population in Macedonia is Bulgarian.

The collection covers the period from the Middle Ages to most recent times. Its aim is to show the historical truth and to reveal the historical process truthfully. It consists of four parts.

Part One contains sources of the Middle Ages of Byzantine, Western or local origin. These sources refute the unscientific claim that the inhabitants of Macedonia during that epoch were regarded as Bulgarians not because they were Bulgarians by nationality but because they were subjects of the Bulgarian State. From the sources quoted it becomes clear that the name Macedonia was a geographic or administrative concept. Frequently the Byzantine authors archaized and in accordance with the old regional names mentioned Thracians, Macedonians, etc., who at that time did not exist as separate nationalities. Över a certain period they called the inhabitants of the Adrianople area "Macedonians" because at that time the Adrianople area was included in the theme (administrative region) of Macedonia. The troops of this theme were also often called "Macedonian troops". However, nowhere in the historical sources is there talk of the Macedonians as a separate people. At the same time in the sources all nationalities of the Peninsula are indicated by their own ethnic names. For instance the Wallachians, who then did not have a state of their own and lived within the boundaries of mediaeval Bulgaria, are indicated as a separate ethnic group.

The Bulgarian national name of the Slav population in Macedonia did not disappear during the centuries-long Turkish bondage. This fact is con-firmed not only by local and foreign sources but also by i he information of the eminent Turkish authors Hadji Kalfa and Evliya Chelebi.

The Part on the National Revival provides a large number of documents and materials of considerable variety. Along with documents and materials of personalities of the Bulgarian Enlightenment excerpts from news-papers and valuable documents from different parts of Macedonia, foreign information, ineluding information of Serbian origin, are represented here. This varied material reveals bright pages from the lıistory of the Bulgarian people. The Enlightenment was the epoch when the foundations of Turkish feudalism were destroyed and capitalist socio-economic relations were created. It was then that the Bulgarian nation was formed and Consolidated. It was then that the Bulgarian national liberation movement ineluding Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia, also expanded.

The documents and materials unambiguously reveal that the struggle for a national church and the cultural-educational movement in Macedonia were part of the general Bulgarian movement and that the population of Macedonia felt as part of the Bulgarian people. The resistance against the spiritual domination of the Constantinople Patriarchate was not caused by ecclesiastical and dogmatic disputes but was the result of the nation-wide demand for introducing the native Bulgarian language in the sehools. In no case was it a question of a common struggle of two different, though elose peoples, as the Yugoslav historiography is trying to present the Enlightenment in Macedonia, distorting even the literary heritage of the brightest personalities of the Enlightenment of this region. Dimiter and Constantin Miladinov published a collection of folk songs, chiefly from Macedonia, and called it "Bulgarian Folk-Songs", i. e. they considered that the people singing these songs were Bulgarians. "Historians" emerged, however, who distorted the name of the collection. In general the figures of the Bulgarian Revival in Macedonia: the Miladinov brothers, Rayko Zhinzifov, Yordan Hadjiconstantinov-Djinot, Grigor Purlichev, Kouzman Shapkarev and others had a clear national consciousness which they repeatedly emphasised and firmly expressed.

As a result of the struggle for a national church in Macedonia, the Bulgarian population gradually broke away from the Constantinople Patriarchate and joined the Bulgarian Exarchate. It should be definitely stressed that the Macedonian dioceses came under the authority of the Exarchate after hard and prolonged struggle. Even before the liberation of Bulgaria...

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