The Acropolis

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Автор:Demetrios Papastamos
Издателство:Olympos Color, Athens
Страници:90
Корици:Меки
Година:б.г.
Броя:1
ISBN: Тегло (гр.): Формат: 170 / 240 Състояние: Мн. Добро
The Acropolis: The Archaelogical site and the Museum. Demetrios Papastamos (Archeologist).

Луксозен цветен албум с множество, цветни и черно бели снимки към текста, книгата е преведена на английски език.

INTRODUCTION

The deep scars, inflicted by both man and nature, proudly borne by those buildings still standing on the sacred rock of the Acropolis in no way detract from their strong emotive impact on the visitor as he approaches this pin-nacle of the Greek contribution to art and architecture. These ruins are ex-amples of a Creative process which achieved its ultimate manifestation here.

The grandiose arrangement of all the edifices, with their superb yet con-servative lines, within the available space makes a marked impression. Without undue taxing of the imagination, but simply through spontaneous love of this land, for as Goethe says " Das Land der Griechen mit der Seele suchend" (They search for the land of the Greeks with the soul), rid of the spiritual tenacity of the modern tourist, the visitor may see the Acropolis beyond the centuries, with its marble impeccable, as the Earth's unique ornament.

There where architectural fragments nowadays lie scattered on the bar-ren rock around the Parthenon and Erechtheion, soil, bushes, grass and flowers once enhanced the beauty of the place, complemented by a host of statues of marble and bronze and relief stelae. Paths led among the ex votos, from the Propylaia to the temple of Pallas Athena, the Erechtheion and the Sanctuary of Brauronian Artemis. An old, gnarled olive tree — Symbol of the patron goddess of Athens — cast its shade in the vicinity of the Parthenon.

I
Verdant Mount Hymettos, the cloudless sky and the deep blue sea of Phaleron were the natural setting for the holiest site in Athens. In this marvellous clime the faithful were acutely aware of the revered presence of the deity — daughter of Zeus and protectress of the city — in whose honour the sacrificial altars burned, processions were held and votive offerings dedicated.

The sacred rock of the Acropolis still dominates contemporary architec-tural creations. Through toil and effort archaeologists have managed not only to preserve an open space around the ancient buildings, but also main-tain a considerable distance between them and the irksome ap'artment blocks threatening asphyxiation, ensuring an unimpeded view of the natural environment and the other ancient and historie monuments of the area.

Immediately after the Second World War the city began to lose its lovely Neoclassical aspect, created by the Greek and German architects who rebuilt it from 1834 onwards. Only a conspicuous handful of these handsome buildings has survived. Clustered below the northeast slope of the Acropolis are a few humble dwellings, vestiges of the little village that was Athens in the time of the Turkish occupation. Further east lie the ruins of the Roman city of Hadrian, built in the 2nd century AD. This includes the Olympieion (Sanctuary of Olympian Zeus), houses, baths and the tomb of that great ad-mirer of Athens, Herodes Atticus, located on the east hill of Ardittos, direct-ly above the marble-faced Stadium, built on the exact site of the ancient one.

West of the Olympieion, founded by Peisistratos in honour of Olympian Zeus prior to 510 BC and completed by the Emperor Hadrian in AD 1 29-1 32, stands Hadrian's Arch (18 m. high). According to the two inscriptions on either face, the archway separated the old west cjty of Theseus from the new east city of Hadrian.

Located meridionally below the rock of the Acropolis are: the sanctuary of Dionysos Eleuthereos and the renowned outdoor theatre of that name, the Stoa of Eumenes, the sanctuary of Asklepios and the odeum of Herodes Atticus, built in AD 1 60. Southwest, on the hill of the Muses, are the ruins of Philopappos' Monument (AD 114-11 6). Westwards lie the Pnyx, establish-ed meeting place of the citizens of Athens. It was here that Aristeides, Themistocles, Kimon, Pericles and other famous orators of antiquity addressed their fellow citizens. North of the Pnyx and northwest of the Acropolis ex-tends the ancient Agora of Athens. There, on the knoll of Agoraios Kolonos, stands the temple of Hephaistos, the best preserved in Greece. The Agora developed all around, and in Roman times the forum. Northwest of Agoraios Kolonos, and descending from the Agora towards the Dipylon, Greek and German archaeologists, in 1863 and 1907 respectively, brought to light Kerameikos, the ancient cemetery of the Athenians. At the Dipylon commenc-ed the Sacred Way, leading to the major sanctuary of Demeter at Eleusis.

This topographical arrangement was an altitudinal reflection of the stages in the life cycle of the ancient Greeks. In the lowest lying part of Athens was the city of the dead with its tombs and monuments. At a slightly higher level.............

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