Introduction to Psychology

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  •  14-7-2017
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Автор:Peter Lloyd, Andrew Mayers
Издателство:Diamond Books, london
Страници:815
Корици:Меки
Година:1999
Броя:1
ISBN:9780261672338 Тегло (гр.): Формат: 135/205/45 Състояние: Добро
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Boxes
1.1 Theories and paradigms in psychology 40

2.1 A note on the peripherai autonomie nervous system 94

2.2 Problems with homuneuli, or little men in the brain 126

3.1 Adaptation: its effects and uses 142

3.2 Visual masking 149

3.3 Effects of brain damage on vision and the mechanisms of form and object perception 168

4.1 Eye movements 220

4.2 The cerebral hemispheres and dual-task performance 234

5.1 The forms of representations. Are images different kinds of representations from descriptions? 264

5.2 Conditioning, phobias, conscience, crime and personality 296

6.1 Eidetic and other forms of sensory memory 320

6.2 Mnemonics and the use of imagery 342

7.1 Psychological sex differences in humans and animais 41

8.1 Fundamental and blended facial expressions 441

9.1 Language and the brain 498

9.2 The conservation probiem 511

9.3 Reasoning 519

9.4 Two types of chiid grammar 530

9.5 Words and meaning 535

9.6 An intelligence test: the WAIS 541

10.1 How parents talk to children 567

13.1 Personality: who you are or where you are? 706

13.2 Fulfilment as self-actualization: Maslow’s humanistic perspective 711

13.3 Defining insanity: a question of labelling? 730

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Figures

1.1 Marijuana and memory 59

2.1 A typical neuron showing some of its major physical features 83

2.2 Action potentials approaching a synapse 86

2.3 The endocrine system 88

2.4 The central and peripheral autonomie nervous system 96

2.5 The human brain and spinal cord: a ‘transparent’ and а schematic view 99

2.6 Main divisions of the human neocortex and some of its major functions 101

2.7 Model of the human limbic system 103

2.8 Relation between basal ganglia and cortex 103

3.1 Simultaneous contrast 141

3.2 Simultaneous contrast depending on contour 141

3.3 An aspect of speech perception 157

3.4 Gestalt principles of organization 163

3.5 Limitations of the template model of object recognition 165

3.6 Representation of relative distance by the cue of interposition 173

3.7 Plan view of Ames’s room 175

3.8 Relative retinal disparity 176

3.9 Perceived self-motion 188

4.1 Evoked potentials and EEGs 215

4.2 Eye movements while examining a picture under various instructions 221

4.3 Tracking error scores 225

4.4 Blind sight 242

5.1 Pairs of patterns used for shape comparisons 265

5.2 Generalization gradiënt 293

6.1 A model of information processing 318

6.2 Typical serial position curve 324

6.3 A visual analogy of how competition between memory items may work 365

7.1 EEG records for a normal person in various states of arousal 389

7.2 Schematic comparison of various theories of aggression 421

8.1 Plutchik’s circular ordering of eight primary emotions 439

8.2 Pure and blended facial expressions 442

9.1 Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas of the brain 498

9.2 A child at stage III of Piaget’s object concept 509

9.3 Eye movements of children during a conservation task 512

9.4 Materials for experiment on combinatory operation 514

9.5 The problems of assessing relationships between two variables 544

10.1 Direction of gaze at beginning and end of long utterances 577

10.2 Memory scanning of good and poor readers 592

11.1 Schematic conception of attitudes 607

11.2 The effect of probability of occurrence and efficacy of coping response on intent to stop smoking 622

11.3 Curvilinear relationship between intelligence and attitude change 623

12.1 Communication networks used in laboratory studies 672

12.2 Example of material used by Asch to study group pressure 674

12.3 Group polarization effects 682

13.1 Eysenck’s two-dimensional classification of personality 704

13.2 A diagrammatic representation of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs 712

13.3 The three labels, bad, mad and normal 726

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Tables

1.1 The branches of psychology 30

6.1 Examples of questions in Craik and Tulving’s 1975 experiment 331

6.2 An example of a hierarchical semantic system 368

9.1 Correlation of motor and language development 529

9.2 The first sentences in child speech 532

9.3 The variety of ways in which psychologists have defined the term ‘intelligence’ 538

9.4 WAIS subtests reflecting impairments with localized lesions 549

10.1 The relation of an utterance to an intended referent 571

10.2 Normal and dyslexie readers’ ability to recognize and describe two stimuli 589

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